Sittan™ Rehabilitation Table
An Alternative for Early and Ongoing Bedside Rehabilitation
The sitting “without back support” (SB) position has been studied by Japanese nurse researchers and termed “sitting without back support” because patients in this position sit upright with their feet on the floor and have no supportive surface holding their heads up or pressing against their spines. In Japan, research on the effects of implementing SB suggests positive benefits. As a result, select nursing specialties have adopted early, upright patient activity to promote early ambulation, improve level of consciousness and prevent disuse syndrome.²
The Sittan™ table, developed in consultation with a leading Japanese nurse researcher, is designed to support a patient in the SB position for patients who are unable to maintain an unassisted sitting position.
Positive Effects of Sitting Position “Without Back Support”
The SB position is incorporated into the plan of care instead of sitting positions with back support because researchers believed the SB upright position triggers the activation of the cerebral cortex ¹, ³ and brainstem reticular formation.³ Additionally, it is thought that this sitting position causes cerebral blood flow to increase because intraventricular pressure drops when the head is elevated.¹ Finally, this sitting posture has been identified to stimulate the sympathetic nervous system and inhibit the parasympathetic nervous system, which is believed to reduce disuse syndrome and improve consciousness levels in some patients. ², ³
Sittan Table Support
The Sittan™ table is used at the side of the bed to assist the patient into the SB position while sitting on the edge of the bed. The Sittan™ table's back cushion is specially designed to support the lower scapulae and ribcage. Additionally, the back cushion has support belts if supplemental posture support is needed.
Note: The Sittan table is not intended to restrict body movement or be used by caregivers to restrict body movements.
To customize the Sittan™ table fit and comfort for each patient, the following features are adjustable:
- Height adjustable to fit various patient heights
- Depth adjustable to fit various patient body sizes
- Elbow pads for optional use between the patient's elbows and the table top
The support pad, KF-80U, is available for abdominal support to reduce pressure at the abdomen-table top interface and to provide mild posture support. Since the patient is mobilized at the side of the bed near supplemental therapeutic equipment in use, additional accessories (e.g., IV pole) are not available. LINK(short cut)
Folds for Space Saving Storage
The Sittan™ table top folds and the back units hangs from a built-in storage bracket. To conserve space, pack, stack and store two or more units together.
¹ Okubo, Nobuko. (2011). Sitting Without Back Support Position for Prolonged Consciousness Disturbance Patients: An Intervention Program Case Study. The Journal of neuroscience nursing: journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses. 43. E13-27. 10.1097/JNN.0b013e318214570f.
² Okubo, Nobuko. (2012). Effectiveness of the “Elevated Position” Nursing Care Program in promoting the reconditioning of patients with acute cerebrovascular disease. Japan Journal of Nursing Science. 9, 76-87. 10.1111/j.1742-7924.2011.00188.x
³ Okubo, Nobuko & Hishinuma, Michiko. (2005). Effects of aided and unaided support of the neck while sitting (with back support), on autonomic nervous system activities. Japan Journal of Nursing Science. 2. 33 - 39. 10.1111/j.1742-7924.2005.00033.x.
Total Width (inches/cm)
Total Depth (inches)
30.3 to 37.4
Total Depth (cm)
77.0 to 95.0
Total Height (inches)
35.8 to 45.7
Total Height (cm)
91.0 to 116.0